Saturday, 4 April 2020

Dhalapathar Parda And Fabrics #OdishaGI #KnowYourGI #GIsofIndia #AToZChallenge

Dhalapathar Parda and Fabrics are named after the village of Dhalapathar in Khurda district of Odisha. 
Parda means curtain. The handloom curtains and fabrics of this village are handmade using spinning machines. As they are unique, they have the Geographical Indications (GI) tag.
Type: Handicraft
GI Application# 207
Certificate Date: 17/07/2012

Left image- Dhalapathar Parda woven by Shri Krushna Rout in the year 1945 with the design Taj Mahal. 
Apart from weaving Parda and Fabrics, weavers also weave artistic thread designs on Sarees, LungiGamuchhas (towel) etc.

A community known as ‘Rangani’ weaves handloom sarees. Rangani means ‘Rang’ (colour) and ‘Ani’ (bring) – ‘one who knows the art to bring colour on cloth’. 

Some popular names of Sarees- ‘Kusuma Kapata’, ‘Kankana Pedi’, ‘Muktapunji’, ‘Nahati’ & ‘Akata’. Previously used during social functions like weddings and in cultural activities like drama, arrival of low-cost mill-printed sarees made the weavers use the craft to make Parda. 

Image
Source
These fabrics are hand-spun using naturally-coloured thread, made from natural colours from leaves, fruits and trees. The talented weavers have created many natural sceneries and floral patterns and designs like Jagannath Temple, Konark Temple, Lingaraj Temple, Kalasha Hansa (Pot & Swan), Surya Namaskar, Sunset Scenery, Konark Ghoda (Konark Horse), Ashoka Chakra, India Map, Odisha Map, Bharat Mata etc. on Parda. 
When I first learned about Dhalapathar Parda and Fabrics in 2017 while researching about GIs, I felt so ignorant that I was unaware of this beautiful handicraft from Odisha. 

Prof. Dr. K.D.Raju of IIT Kharagpur had facilitated the GI application for Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics for Odisha State Govt. You can learn about the process, view some wonderful works of art, and skilled weavers in his video -:

In 2018, on Prof. Dr. Raju's reference, I was invited to represent Odisha in the BRICS Alliance Business Conclave GI Exhibition at Delhi. When I tried to look for sample pieces of 'Dhalapathar Parda and Fabrics' to carry with me for display in the said exhibition, I was dismayed to not find them in the shops of Bhubaneswar... 

I really could not and cannot still understand why and how we were/are facing such a situation- why the lackadaisical attitude and paucity? I continued looking for the samples like crazy. 
Here is a GI product that is simply not available. That is why it is not known.
After all, like it's said in Hindi- 'jo dikhta hai, wo bikta hai'- what is seen, sells.

Thankfully, Odisha state's handloom cooperation, Boyanika, did have some exquisite sample pieces  of Dhalapathar Parda in their safe-keeping. I am really grateful to Shri Devaraja Sahu, the manager of Boyanika, who understood the need to display to represent our state's GI. Thankfully Sahu Babu trusted me, and loaned their precious sample pieces for the purpose. 

Promotion is needed for this too, else like some other handicrafts, this too may be hidden behind curtain soon.
Image
Source: Kanak News
D For- Dhalapathar 
I am writing A-Z posts about the Geographical Indications (GIs) of Odisha #OdishaGI.
GI products are linked with the culture, traditions, history, reputation etc. of a geographical location.
Only when info is shared, people can learn and be aware.
This is my sincere attempt to share information about the GI-Tags of Odisha.
You can check out my other GI posts here.
My previous #AToZChallenge posts here.

Are you aware of Geographical Indications? 

Had you heard of Dhalapathar Parda and Fabrics? 
Please do share in the comments below.

7 comments:

  1. This is so good to know. I konly knew about Sambalpuri and ikat! These look so nice with these prints.

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  2. You are doing wonderful work in popularising traditional creations. Maybe the artisans too should be made aware about GI tags.

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  3. It is indeed a pity that age old art like hand woven designs are slowly dying. Dhalapathar parda or curtains definitely look beautiful from the images you have preseented. That image of Taj Mahal on the curtain is really beautiful.

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  4. Our traditional handicrafts and other artistic creations were effectively razed to the ground while the British reigned. They started taking away local raw materials to Britain, producing cloth there with the help of machines, and then selling their produce here.

    Thankfully, Indian handicraft are making a re-emergence with the help of Government schemes and initiatives. But the sad fact is that these items are only likely to have novelty value, and not mass appeal.

    Interesting read Anita.

    P.s. I seriously did not know you were a doctor till a few moments ago :p

    Cheers,
    CRD

    Do drop by mine.

    SCRIPTED IN SANITY

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  5. Thanks for sharing these traditional arts, cultures and traditions of Odisha. Good to know the new insights and information!!

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  6. Very educative and illuminating. May your tribe grow

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  7. Wow! Very informative post. I wasn't aware about talented weavers making Surya Namaskar designs - do share a picture ...it seems really interesting.

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Your words mean a lot to me.

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